Election of Slovenian members of the European Parliament

It is Slovenia’s right and duty, as a Member State of the European Union, to participate in the work of all EU bodies. However, participation in the work of the European Parliament is different from participation in those other bodies, as the European Parliament is the only EU body formed on the basis of direct elections. The European Parliament is therefore elected by voters in EU Member States.
 
Eight MEPs are directly elected from Slovenia for a five-year term in a secret ballot on the basis of a universal and equal right to vote.
 
All citizens of Slovenia with the right to vote in National Assembly elections (the right to vote and the right to stand for office) have the right to vote in European Parliament elections; this means that the right to vote is held by a citizen of Slovenia who has reached the age of 18 on the day of the election. Citizens of European Union Member States with permanent residence in Slovenia also have the right to vote in European Parliament elections. Slovenian citizens and citizens of EU Member States have exactly the same right to vote in European Parliament elections and exactly the same right to stand for election.
 
Candidates may be proposed by political parties and by voters. The list of candidates may only contain as many candidates as are elected to the European Parliament from Slovenia. Both sexes must have at least 40% representation on the list of candidates. The candidacy procedure takes place in its entirety before the National Electoral Commission. In European Parliament elections, Slovenia is counted as a single electoral unit. The electoral system is a proportional ‘preferential vote’ system. This means that seats are not apportioned according to the order of precedence of the candidates on the candidate list; instead, the candidates who received the highest number of preferential votes are elected from an individual list. Preferential votes for individual candidates are taken into account if the number of preferential votes for an individual candidate exceeds the quota, which is calculated by dividing the total number of votes given to a list by twice the number of candidates on the list. If this rule fails to elect as many candidates as the number of seats belonging to an individual list, the candidates are elected to the remainder of the seats on this list in accordance with the order of precedence of the candidates on the list of candidates. The National Assembly confirms the election of MEPs.