Presidential elections in Slovenia

The President of the Republic of Slovenia is elected at a direct, universal and secret ballot on the basis of a two-round majority voting system. The Election of the President of the Republic Act provides that the president shall be elected on the basis of a universal and equal voting right at free and direct elections in a secret ballot. The president is elected for five years and may only serve a maximum of two consecutive terms. Presidential elections are called by the president (speaker) of the National Assembly.
 
The right to vote in a presidential election is universal and equal, which means that it is held by everyone who has the right to vote in National Assembly elections. The principle of the universal voting right applies to the right to stand for election as well as the right to vote in elections. The Election of the President of the Republic Act sets out in detail who has the right to vote and stand for president of the republic. The right to vote and stand for president is therefore held by any citizen of Slovenia who has reached the age of 18 by the time the election is held.
 
Presidential candidates are put forward by National Assembly deputies, political parties and the electorate. The process of standing for president is similar to that employed when standing for election to the National Assembly. Regardless of the way in which candidates stand for office, the basic rule is that each deputy and each voter may only vote for one candidate.
 
Candidacy for president of the republic requires the written consent of the candidate, and they may withdraw this consent in a written declaration. A proposal for candidacy, which must contain the elements prescribed, is submitted directly to the National Electoral Commission no later than 25 days prior to the election. The National Electoral Commission draws up a list of candidates for president of the republic on the basis of those candidacies it has approved; this list contains the names of the candidates and those of their nominators. The order of the candidates is determined by the drawing of lots. The National Electoral Commission must publish these lists no later than 15 days prior to the election.
 
The ballot paper is different to the ballot papers for National Assembly elections, and contains the names and surnames of the candidates in the order in which they appear on the list of candidates, along with instructions on how to cast a vote. The ballot paper is also completed in a slightly different way. The voter may vote for only one candidate; they do so by circling the number that appears before the name and surname of the candidate for which they are voting. The outcome of the election is established by the National Electoral Commission. The candidate who receives a majority of the valid votes cast is elected president of the republic. If no candidate secures a majority of the valid votes cast, a run-off between the two candidates who secured the most votes is held. This means that Slovenian presidential elections can involve a second round of voting in which there are only two candidates.
 
After the outcome of the election is established, the National Electoral Commission compiles a report on the outcome; it then submits it to the speaker of the National Assembly and publishes it in the Official Gazette of the Republic of Slovenia. This officially concludes the procedure for electing the president of the republic.